GRUNDLÄGGANDE REFERENSETIK
Att referera till namngivna patienter avseende LLLT-behandling av hörselrubbningar görs absolut inte med hänvisning till fasta principer, författningar och gällande lagstiftning enligt Hälso- och Sjukvårdslagen (HSL) och Lagen om Yrkesverksamhet på Hälso- och Sjukvårdens område (LYHS) och med hänvisning till tystnadsplikten och sekretesslagarna.

Behandlingsmetodens referenssamling på den här hemsidan omfattar 100 vetenskapliga referenser som har en direkt korrelation till och stödjer laserbehandling av rubbningar i innerörat. Dessutom stödjer drygt 20 studier behandling med LASER vid somatosensorisk tinnitus. Pulserande elektromagnetfält (PEMF) har stöd av drygt 50 studier. Behandlingen av innerörats rubbningar med hjälp av LASER och Pulserande Elektromagnetiska Fält vilar alltså på en solid medicinsk, vetenskaplig grund. Behandlingen utförs följaktligen i överensstämmelse med vetenskap och beprövad erfarenhet.

De vetenskapliga referenserna talar sitt tydliga språk. Det finns ingen anledning till att fråga någon som inte känner till hela forskningsmaterialet om det är så att behandlingsmetoderna fungerar. Om det skulle ha varit så att metoderna inte skulle fungera så skulle inte dessa studier ha existerat. Om det finns någon osäkerhet omkring de enskilda studierna så ta kontakt med artikelförfattaren/forskaren!

LASER-MEDICINSKA ORGANISATIONER
Referenser
till LASER-behandlingsmetoden är alla de vetenskapliga studier och behandlingsrapporter till vilka det på denna hemsida finns ett stort antal hänvisningar. Vill man ta del av mer kunskap om LLLT och därtill relaterad medicinsk forskning kan man vända sig till SLMS (Svenska Lasermedicinska Sällskapet) och läsa deras hemsida på Internet. TLC (Tinnitus Laser Center) har även en hemsida. I Sverige finns två av världens mest välrenommérade LASER-medicinska experter, fysikern Lars Hode med optisk fysik som specialitet & tandläkaren Jan Tunér som är expert på LASER-forskning om medicinsk behandling med biostimulerande LASER-ljus och monokromatiskt ljus. Jan Tunér har dessutom ett flertal internationella förtroendeuppdrag inom olika medicinska akademier, bland annat är han sekreterare i WALT (World Association for Laser Therapy). Tillsammans har de två LASER-medicinska experterna skrivit ett flertal välciterade LASER-medicinska böcker, och dessa två experter är de i Sverige som vet mest om LASER (LLLT). Deras böcker kan bland annat köpas från Irradia AB. Sina kunskaper delar Lars Hode och Jan Tunér med sig av på hemsidan Laser World. Där finner man även länkar till olika LASER-medicinska organisationer i världen, till LASER-medicinsk forskning och LASER-medicinsk litteratur. NALMCA är en medicinsk organisation som är till för att främja samarbete mellan specialister och forskare som framför allt behandlar otoneurologiska rubbningar med LASER.

Till många av de nedan uppräknade studierna kan man finna sammanfattningar på  www.PubMed.com .

VETENSKAPLIGA REFERENSER:

Studier om LASER-behandling inom audiologi och ORL [104]:

  1. Andersen F, Deterville G. Evaluation of dysfunction grade using Soft Laser. IHA-GfK AG, Hergiswil, 2005: 9405696/1013051.
  2. Belkahia A. Biological effects of laser beams in otolaryngology. Medical application approach. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac. 1971 Sep; 88 (9): 467-473.
  3. Berezin I, Berikashvili V, Ivanov B, Pluzhnikov M, Samsonova I. Light-guide instruments for low-intensity laser therapy in ORL practice. Med Tekh. 1985 Nov-Dec; (6): 42-43.
  4. Beyer W, Baumgartner R, Tauber S. Dosimetric Analysis for Low-Level-Lasertherapy (LLLT) of the Human inner Ear. Proc BiOS Europe'98, 8-12 Sept 1998, Stockholm, Sweden.
  5. Beyer W, Baumgartner R, Tauber S. Dosimetric analysis for low-level-lasertherapy (LLLT) of the human inner ear at 593nm and 633nm. Proc. SPIE Vol. 3569, p. 56-59, Effects of Low-Power Light on Biological Systems IV, Giovanni F. Bottiroli; Tiina I. Karu; Rachel Lubart; Eds. (SPIE Homepage) Publication Date: Dec 1998.
  6. Bogomilskii M, Fitenko L, Diakonova I, Tikhomirov A, Minasian V. Effects of low-energy laser irradiation on the functional state of the acoustic analyzer. Vestnik Otorinolaringol. 1989; 2: 29-34.
  7. Bykov V, Martyniuk L. Low-energy laser irradiation in the complex treatment of patients with ear diseases. Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapi i Lechebnoi Fizicheskoi Kultury. 1985; (2): 60-62.
  8. Backman M. LASER therapy in the combined treatment of hyperacusis, a prospective clinical study - a preliminary report from a clinical pilot study. Oral presentation, Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society, International Tinnitus Symposium, Prague, the Czech Republic, 30th March, 2004.
  9. Backman M. Hyperacusis Treatment with a Combination of Low Level Laser light, Anti-Oxidant Control and Pulsed Electromagnetic Field - A Clinical Pilot Study. Journal of Vestibular Research. 2004; (14) 2/3: 184.
  10. Backman M. Hyperacusis as a Treatment Modality. Otoneurological Days, Prague, March 2005.
  11. Backman M. LASER therapy in the combined treatment of hyperacusis, a prospective clinical study on 245 observations. Oral presentation at the LASER medical congress, LASER PRAHA, 17th September 2005, European Medical Laser Association, Prague, 2005.
  12. Cuda D, De Caria A. Combined counselling and low level laser stimulation effectiveness in the treatment of disturbing chronic tinnitus. Diagnosis and Treatment Tinitus Center (CeSCA) Department of Otolaryngology, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Piacenza Hospital, Piacenza, Italy. Accepted for Publication year 2008 in The International Tinnitus Journal.
  13. Flock A, Flock B, Scarfone E. Laser scanning confocal microscopy of the hearing organ: fluorochrome-dependent cellular damage is seen after exposure. Journal of Neurocytology. 1998; 27: 507-516.
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  15. Fridberger A, Ren T. Local mechanical stimulation of the hearing organ by laser irradiation. Neuroreport. 2006 Jan 23; 17 (1): 33-37.
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  19. Gogeliia A, Chabashvili N, Matiashvili M, Kasradze P. Experience on treatment of children with otorhinolaryngological diseases by low intensity laser irradiation. Georgian Med News. 2006; (130): 84-86.
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  22. Hahn A. Combined tinnitus therapy with soft laser and EGb 761. Oral presentation at Bárány Society Meeting in Bell Harbor International Conference Center, Seattle, Washington State, USA. September 26-29, 2002.
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  27. Hubacek J.: Experience with the Use of LLLT in ENT Medicine. Laser Partner 2000; No. 22.
  28. Izzo A, Richter C, Jansen E, Walsh J. Laser Stimulation of the Auditory Nerve. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine. 2006; 38 (8): 745-753.
  29. Izzo A, Suh E, Pathria J, Walsh J, Whitlon D, Richter C. Selectivity ofneural stimulation in the auditory system: a comparison of optic and electric stimuli. J Biomed Opt. 2007 Mar-Apr; 12 (2): 021008.
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  34. Jovanovic S, Jamali Y, Anft D, Schönfeld U, Scherer H, Müller G. Influence of pulsed laser irradiation on the morphology and function of the guinea pig cochlea. Hear Res. 2000 Jun; 144 (1-2): 97-108.
  35. Juberg R. Molde-model - a pilot study on tinnitus treatment with Low Level Laser Therapy in combination with holistic therapy. Material published at Tinnituskontakt i More og Romsdal & Kristiansund og Omegn Horselforening. Molde, Norway. 2003.
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  38. Kolaylioglu A. Healing of Perforated Tympanic Membrane, Evidence material published on the internet. www.laser.nu/tlc.
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  47. Medlicott M, Harris S. A systematic review of the effectiveness of exercise, manual therapy, electrotherapy, relaxation training, and biofeedback in the management of temporomandibular disorder. Phys Ther. 2006 Jul; 86 (7): 955-973. Review.
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  49. Mishenkin N, Tikhomirov V, Kachaeva I. Determination of the nature of vascular reactions to the action of helium-neon laser radiation using an otorheographic method. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1985; (3): 65-67.
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  52. Michenkin N, Tikhomirov V, Krotov I. Effects of helium-neon laser energy on the tissues of the middle ear in the presence of biological fluids and drug solutions. Vestnik Otorinolaringol. 1990; 5: 18-21.
  53. Mueller-Kortkramp M. An alternative therapy for Tinnitus by combining the power of the impulse laser with ginkgo-extract (EGb 761). Oral presentation at Neurootologic and Equilibriometric Societies Tinnitus-Seminar at the METRC, N.Y., USA, 29 June, 1999.
  54. Myrhaug H. The theory of otosclerosis and Morbus Ménière (Labyrinthine vertigo) being caused by the same mechanism: physical irritants, an otognathic syndrome. Bergmanns Boktryckeri A/S, Bergen, Norway. 1981.
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Studier om pulserande elektromagnetiskt fält (rTMS) inom audiologi [64]:

  1. Been G, Ngo T, Miller S, Fitzgerald P. The use of tDCS and CVS as methods of non-invasive brain stimulation. Brain Res Rev. 2007 Dec; 56 (2): 346-361.
  2. Bogomilskii M, Sapozhnikov I, Zaslavskii A, Tarutin N. The treatment of hypoacusis in children by using a pulsed low-frequency electromagnetic field. Vestn Otorinolaringol. 1996; (6): 23-26.
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  4. De Ridder D, Verstraeten E, Van der Kelen K, De Mulder G, Sunaert S, Verlooy J, Van de Heyning P, Moller A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus: influence of tinnitus duration on stimulation parameter choice and maximal tinnitus suppression. Otol Neurotol. 2005 Jul; 26 (4): 616-619.
  5. De Ridder D, De Mulder G, Verstraeten E, Van der Kelen K, Sunaert S, Smits M, Kovacs S, Verlooy J, Van de Heyning P, Moller A. Primary and secondary auditory cortex stimulation for intractable tinnitus. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2006; 68 (1): 48-54; discussion 54-55.
  6. De Ridder D, van der Loo E, Van der Kelen K, Menovsky T, van de Heyning P, Moller A. Theta, alpha and beta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation: brain modulation in tinnitus. Int J Med Sci. 2007 Oct 9; 4 (5): 237-241.
  7. De Ridder D, van der Loo E, Van der Kelen K, Menovsky T, van de Heyning P, Moller A. Do tonic and burst TMS modulate the lemniscal and extralemniscal system differentially? Int J Med Sci. 2007 Oct 9; 4 (5): 242-246.
  8. De Ridder D, De Mulder G, Verstraeten E, Seidman M, Elisevich K, Sunaert S, Kovacs S, Van der Kelen K, Van de Heyning P, Moller A. Auditory cortex stimulation for tinnitus. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2007; 97 (Pt 2): 451-462.
  9. De Ridder D, Menovsky T, van de Heyning P. Auditory cortex stimulation for tinnitus suppression. Otol Neurotol. 2008 Jun; 29 (4): 574-575; author reply 575.
  10. Dornhoffer J, Mennemeier M. Transcranial magnetic stimulation and tinnitus: implications for theory and practice. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007 Feb; 78 (2): 113.
  11. Eichhammer P, Kleinjung T, Landgrebe M, Hajak G, Langguth B. TMS for treatment of chronic tinnitus: neurobiological effects. Prog Brain Res. 2007; 166: 369-375.
  12. Eichhammer P, Langguth B, Marienhagen J, Kleinjung T, Hajak G. Neuronavigated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with tinnitus: a short case series. Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Oct 15; 54 (8): 862-865.
  13. Fiedler S, Pilkington H, Willatt D. Electromagnetic stimulation as a treatment of tinnitus: a further study. Clin Otolaryngol 1998; 23: 270
  14. Fierro M, Bobadilla H, Córdoba-R R, Vanegas C, Olarte A. Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation in a patient with chronic bilateral tinnitus. Rev Neurol. 2006 Dec 16-31; 43 (12): 758-759.
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